Chapter 1: Thinking Theoretically.
Memetic Theories: Imitation. Meme is a unit of replication. Art mirroring another medium. like the universe. Outside.
Pragmatic Theory – impact on audience. Social didactic functions of art. To teach and to please.
Expressive Theory: Relationship between poem and poet. Reflection of internal reality.
Personal rather than social function.
Objective: Poem and itself. Internal relationships. An object. Self contained Self Referential Artifact. Microcosm.
Chapter 2: Plato: Kicking out the Poets
Carries a negative view of mimesis, thinks that poetry is a copy of a copy, therefore, untrue, and a false source of the truth. Thinks the real world is unreal, and the unreal, i.e. heaven/hell the actual reality. Apollonian and Dionysian divide of thought, he favours the appolonian mode, that of rationality. By negating poetry, he actually sparked and rejuvenated the medium, by pushing poetry to a higher ground. Another counter to his view is to interpret his works as poetry. So the barbarian to poems helped spark it.
Chapter 3: Aristotle: Mimesis and Plot:
Socrates 5’th century, Plato: 5-4 century. Aristotle – 4’th century. The tutor of Alexander the great.
Chapter 4: Aristotle: Character and Catharsis
Form lies within. Systematic, logical, categorical. Created idea of disciplines. Thought of Mimesis as a postive thing.
Oedipus: A good plot should be shaped like a V. Best plots : Reversal or Recognition. Fortune of the hero moves from good to bad or bad to good. From ignorance to enlightenment.
Deus Ex Machina: God from the Machine. Crane like device that allows the actor to descend on the stage like a god. Used by dramatists as a means of resolving from above misunderstandings of the play. God comes down and sets everything to right. Aristotle hated it.
Aristotaleon Plot: If you construct your plot well enough, and it will unravel itself. He beleived in a logical god and universe.
Aristotle beleived: The Plot’s primary. Character is secondary.
Chapter 5: Tragic Character and Catharsis
Tragic hero should have 4 qualities.
1) Goodness. Neither immoral nor vicious.
2) Character must be appropriate to his station in life.
3) He must possess a likeness to human nature. Must have tragic/fatal flaw.
4) His Character must be consistent, even in his inconsistency.
5’th – Must belong one of the royal/high houses.
Character Flaw: Good man with a flaw, going from good fortune to bad fortune.
Pity draws us toward somebody.
Catharsis: Purgation, Purification, and Clarification.
Tragedy is an enema and an emetic. Tragedy cleanses us of pity and fear, leaving us more fit and vigourous to face life.
Purification: A strained sense of calm. Strengthened. Like heating ore to make gold.
Clarification: Intellectual response. A moment of perfect clarity. Mystical moment of Enlightenment. The AHA experience.
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